Let's Encrypt with acme.sh

WORK IN PROGRESS - I am converting these instructions to use acme.sh

I use X.509 certificates signed by Let's Encrypt for all of my internal services that use TLS, including web servers, mail servers, LDAPS server, etc.

I use security/acme.sh to help generate and automatically renew these certificates. Upstream instructions for how to use this tool are available at https://wiki.acme.sh/.

Step 1 - Install security/acme.sh

# pkg install acme.sh

Step 2 - Configure acme.sh to use DNS API for Validation

Let's Encrypt will sign your certificate if you can demonstrate that you control the domain. It does this by issuing the client software with a challenge... For more information about how Let's Encrypt works, visit https://github.com/Neilpang/acme.sh/wiki/dnsapi. I use Gandi as my DNS provider, so I have followed the instructions at https://github.com/Neilpang/acme.sh/wiki/dnsapi#18-use-gandi-livedns-api.

Step 3 - Generate and sign new certificates

After this, acme.sh can generate a new Let's Encrypt account key and certificate, get them signed, and install them with the following command:

...

This will give verbose output and perform the following:

Step 4 - Copy certificate into place and restart service

Step 5 - Configure automatic renewals using cron

Example - Website with Nginx

Configure nginx to use https and re-direct http traffic

Now that you have a signed certificate, re-configure nginx.conf to instead listen for HTTPS connections on port 443, and re-direct HTTP connections to HTTPS. Note that you must keep the directory alias for responding to Let's Encrypt challenges on HTTP port 80.

        server {
                listen          80;
                server_name     example.com www.example.com;

                # Lets encrypt
                location ^~ /.well-known/acme-challenge/ {
                        alias   /usr/local/www/acme/;
                }

                # Redirect other HTTP connections to HTTPS
                location / {
                        return  301 https://example.com$request_uri;
                }
        }

        server {
                listen                  443 ssl;
                server_name             example.com www.example.com;
                ssl_certificate         /usr/local/etc/ssl/acme/fullchain.pem;
                ssl_certificate_key     /usr/local/etc/ssl/acme/private/privkey.pem;

                ... MOVE REMAINDER OF NGINX CONFIG FOR WEBSITE HERE
        }

Restart nginx with:

# service nginx restart

Test website with SSL Labs

In a web browser, go to http://example.com/ and confirm it re-directs to https://example.com/ and the browser trusts the certificate.

Now visit https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/ to see how your website scores, and close any security flaws as necessary.

Two of the common fixes that need to be applied are:

BenWoods/LetsEncrypt (last edited 2019-12-22 14:53:34 by BenWoods)