FreeBSD on the Raptor Blackbird
This board uses a slightly different implementation than the Talos II mainboard. The Talos II has been known to be usable with FreeBSD since late in 2018.
FreeBSD 12 and 13 boot and install correctly on this board. pkg(8) and many common packages install without incident.
From an early version of the board accessed remotely at Integricloud:
Notes on physical assembly
Start with the User's Guide.
Pay careful attention to the locking pin picture in "CPU Installation and Removal". You may have to insert a screwdriver to gently release the tension on these pins. Do this before trying to insert the heatsink.
The User's Guide does not show an illustration of the back panel layout. You simply "need to know" that the BMC Ethernet is the one just above the USB connectors.
Notes on booting and software installation
Do not use the .img file; use the .iso file instead.
This section needs to be rewritten to be less specific to remote booting 20190705 TODO
If you are using the remote access at Integricloud, please contact MarkLinimon for the actual numbers to use. This requires getting permission from Raptor.
# ssh <YOUR_BMC_IP_ADDRESS>
Now you are ready to turn on the powerpc64 host (if you have not already) and speak to petitboot running there:
# obmcutil poweron # obmc-console-client
Scroll down and select Exit to shell. From the shell you can do:
# uname -a Linux skiroot 4.19.0-openpower1 #2 SMP Fri May 3 17:05:52 UTC 2019 ppc64le GNU/Linux
Now you need to set up the host network access:
# ifconfig enP4p1s0f2 <YOUR_IP_ADDR> netmask 255.255.255.0 up # route add default gw <YOUR_GW_ADDR> # echo 'nameserver <YOUR_NAMESERVER_ADDR>'>/etc/resolv.conf
Note the trailing f2 in the ifconfig command. This will correspond to the FreeBSD device bge2.
Now download the FreeBSD powerpc64 ISO. For this example, let's assume you have sufficient space on the host's flash drive, and have a USB stick inserted:
# cd /tmp # scp <YOUR_USERID>@<YOUR_COMPUTER>:FreeBSD-13.0-CURRENT-powerpc-powerpc64-20190503-r347033-disc1.iso . # dd if=FreeBSD-13.0-CURRENT-powerpc-powerpc64-20190503-r347033-disc1.iso of=/dev/XXX conv=osync,notrunc
MarkLinimon was having difficulty with the networking and thus used scp, but wget is probably preferable.
The above ISO was the latest snapshot available at the time via the official FreeBSD download site. Use disc1.iso instead of the memstick image files.
to go back to the petitboot menu. The first block should have changed: there should be a FreeBSD heading and a FreeBSD <something> entry underneath it. If the menu did not change, scroll down and select Rescan devices. When the petitboot menu is displayed again, you should see the menu change.
Scroll down and select the FreeBSD <something> entry.
You should now be taken to the standard FreeBSD installer. Once you are done installing, exit via rebooting. You should see your FreeBSD installation boot..
When you are done testing:
freebsd # shutdown -p now [...]
and you should be taken back to the BMC menu.
# obmcutil poweroff #
and you are done.
Tips and Tricks
If you want to use the Blackbird as a desktop (e.g. with a video monitor / not headless), you have to make your choice of boot image using the VGA monitor, not via remote. Per JustinHibbits:
- ofwcons will only attach if it's started from VGA.
or you can apply the patch in D15818.